Part of the Valkyrie stateless test platform, the Loki-100G-3S-1P is a dual-media tri-speed test module.
Dual-media tri-speed test module
The Loki-100G-3S-1P is a 3-speed (100/40/10GE) dual media test module for the ValkyrieCompact and ValkyrieBay chassis (where it occupies 2 slots).
This cost-optimized test module supports two transceiver form-factors: QSFP28 (CAUI-4), QSFP+ (CAUI), and CXP (CAUI) allowing users to choose either of these transceiver form factors to be active at any time.
When the CXP form-factor is selected, the user can, in addition to a single 100G test port, also use the test module to provide two 40G test ports or eight 10G test ports. This flexibility and price/performance makes it ideal for BERT, load-stress, and functional testing of Ethernet equipment and network infrastructure.
The Loki-100G-3S-1P dual-media tri-speed test module comes complete with a comprehensive suite of management and test application software.
Unique Eye Diagram
The Loki-100G-3S-1P includes a unique feature for analyzing signal quality called the “eye diagram”. When using CFP4 and QSFP28/QSFP+ ports on the Loki-100G-3S-1P, an additional panel called “Advanced PHY Features“ will appear in the main Resource Properties tab of ValkyrieManager. This panel controls and monitors the four receive SerDes associated with the 4x10G or 4x25G link at the physical level. It also creates bit-error-rate (BER) eye diagrams, estimates the link BER from the vertical and horizontal BER bathtub curves and controls the PHY tuning in the transmit and the receive directions.
How it works
The BER eye-diagram provides a direct visual representation of the signal quality after RX equalization. The eye-diagram is formed by changing the time dimension (sampling delay) and the amplitude dimension (0/1 threshold) of the sampling point of the PHY step-by-step. For each sampling point (x,y), 1 million bits are measured, the number of bit-errors are counted and a simple division gives the BER. The result is the BER eye-diagram (see below).
The color map shows the measured bit-error rate for each point going from 1 million (maximum red) to zero (black). The color scale is logarithmic. Higher resolutions give a clearer diagram and higher values of X and Y will also give a higher precision in the vertical and horizontal bathtub curve estimations, respectively.
What it shows
The eye-data table provides an estimate of several parameters of the eye, including width, height and jitter. Future releases will also include link BER estimates based on the horizontal and vertical bathtub curves.
Please see our wiki for more information on the “eye” diagram feature.
- Dual-media support (QSFP28 or QSFP+ / CXP)
- Tri-speed – 1 x 100G or 2 x 40G or 8 x 10G ports
- Great price/performance
- Testing flexibility
- Ease of use
- Unique “eye” diagram for signal analysis
- Free software
- Three years’ free SW updates
- Three years’ free hardware warranty
- Free tech support for product lifetime
PORT LEVEL FEATURES
CXP: 100G, 40G and 10G Ethernet
QSFP28 : 100G Ethernet
QSFP+ : 40G Ethernet
Number of test ports
CXP: 1 x 100G / 2 x 40G / 8 x 10G
QSFP28: 1 x 100G
QSFP+ : 1 x 40G
CXP: 100GBASE-SR10, 40GBASE-iSR4 / 8 x 10GBASE-iSR(3)
QSFP28: 100GBASE-SR4, 100GBASE-LR4, 100GBASE-CWDM4
QSFP+: 40GBASE-SR4, 40GBASE-LR4, 40GBASE-CR4
Forward Error Correction (FEC)
RS-FEC (Reed Solomon) FEC, IEEE 802.3 Clause 91
Port statistics (2)
Link state, FCS errors, pause frames, ARP/PING, error injections, training packet
All traffic: RX and TX Mbit/s, packets/s, packets, bytes
Traffic w/o test payload: RX and TX Mbit/s, packets/s, packets, bytes
Adjustable Inter Frame Gap (IFG)
Configurable from 16 to 56 bytes, default is 20B (12B IFG + 8B preamble)
Transmit line rate adjustment
Ability to adjust the effective line rate by forcing idle gaps equivalent to -1000 ppm (increments of 10 ppm)
Transmit line clock adjustment
From -400 to 400 ppm in steps of 0.001 ppm (shared across all ports)
Supported (configurable IP and MAC address per port)
System is fully field upgradeable to product releases (FPGA images and Software)
Histogram statistics (2)
Two real-time histograms per port. Each histogram can measure one of RX/TX packet length, IFG, jitter, or latency distribution for all traffic, a specific stream, or a filter.
Enable/disable of optical laser or copper link
IGMPv2 multicast join/leave
IGMPv2 continuous multicast join, with configurable repeat interval
• L1RX2TX – RX-to-TX, transmit byte-by-byte copy of the incoming packet
• L2RX2TX – RX-to-TX, swap source and destination MAC addresses (1)
• L3RX2TX – RX-to-TX, swap source and destination MAC addresses and IP addresses (1)
• TXON2RX – TX-to-RX, packet is also transmitted from the port
• TXOFF2RX – TX-to-RX, port’s transmitter is idle
• Port-to-port – Inline loop mode where all traffic is looped 100% transparent at L1
• Initial Accuracy is 3 ppm
• Frequency drift over 1st year: +/- 3 ppm (over 15 years: +/- 15 ppm)
• Temperature Stability: +/- 20 ppm (Total Stability is +/- 35 ppm)
100/40 GE PRBS & PCS LAYERS
Payload Test pattern
Manual single shot bit-errors or bursts, automatic continuous error injection
Frame size and header
Fixed size from 56 to 9200 bytes, any layer 2/3/4 frame header
Pattern loss, bit-error rate threshold
bit-errors: seconds, count, rate
mismatch ‘0’ / ‘1’: seconds, count, rate
logging and analysis of bit-error event timing
PCS virtual lane configuration
User defined skew insertion per Tx virtual lane, and user defined virtual lane to SerDes mapping for testing of the Rx PCS virtual lane re-order function.
PCS virtual lane statistics
Relative virtual lane skew measurement (up to 2048 bits), sync header and PCS lane marker error counters, indicators for loss of sync header and lane marker, BIP8 errors
Number of transmit streams per port
64 (wire-speed) continuous.
Test payload insertion per stream
Wire-speed packet generation with timestamps, sequence numbers, and data integrity signature optionally inserted into each packet.
Stream statistics (2)
TX Mbit/s, packets/s, packets, bytes, FCS error, Pause
Burst size and density can be specified. Uniform and bursty bandwidth profile streams can be interleaved
16-bit header field modifiers with inc, dec, or random mode. Each modifier has configurable bit-mask, repetition, min, max, and step parameters. 2 modifiers per stream.
Packet length controls
Fixed, random, butterfly, and incrementing packet length distributions. Packet length from 56 to 9200 bytes
Repeated user specified 1 to 18B pattern, an 8-bit incrementing pattern
Undersize length (56B min) and oversize length (9200 max.) packet lengths, injection of sequence, misorder, payload integrity, and FCS errors
TX packet header support and RX autodecodes
Ethernet, Ethernet II, VLAN, ARP, IPv4, IPv6, UDP, TCP, LLC, SNAP, GTP, ICMP, RTP, RTCP, STP, MPLS, PBB, or fully specified by user
Packet scheduling modes
• Normal (stream interleaved mode). Standard scheduling mode, precise rates, minor variation in packet inter-frame gap.
• Strict Uniform. New scheduling mode, with 100% uniform packet inter-frame gap, minor deviation from configured rates
• Sequential packet scheduling (sequential stream scheduling). Streams are scheduled continuously in sequential order, with configurable number of packets per stream
• Burst. Packets per stream are organized in bursts. Bursts from active streams form a burst group. The user specifies time from start of one burst group till start of next burst group.
Number of traceable Rx streams per port
Automatic detection of test payload for received packets
Real-time reporting of statistics and latency, loss, payload integrity, sequence error, and misorder error checking
Jitter (Packet Delay Variation) measurements compliant to MEF10 standard with 8 ns accuracy. Jitter can be measured on up to 32 streams.
Stream statistics (2)
• RX Mbit/s, packets/s, packets, bytes.
• Loss, payload integrity errors, sequence errors, misorder errors
• Min latency, max latency, average latency
• Min jitter, max jitter, average jitter
Latency measurements accuracy
±64 ns (opto/elec).
Latency measurement resolution
8 ns (Latency measurements can calibrate and remove latency from transceiver modules)
Number of filters:
• 4 x 64-bit user-definable match-term patterns with mask, and offset
• 4 x frame length comparator terms (longer, shorter)
• 4 x user-defined filters expressed from AND/OR’ing of the match and length terms.
Filter statistics (2)
Per filter: RX Mbit/s, packets/s, packets, bytes.
All traffic, stream, FCS errors, filter match, or traffic without test payloads
Capture start/stop triggers
Capture start and stop trigger: none, FCS error, filter match
Capture limit per packet
16 – 9200 bytes
Wire-speed capture buffer per port
256 kB for 100G
128 kB for 40G
Low speed capture buffer per port (10Mbit/sec)
4096 packets (any size)
ADVANCED PHY FEATURES
Transmit Equalization Controls
– Tx Transmit Equalization Controls Pre-emphasis
– Tx Attenuation
– Tx Post-emphasis Signal Integrity Analysis Graphical “eye” diagram
– Rx Optional Auto-Tune of PHY 25Gbps Rx SerDes
Signal Integrity Analysis
– Graphical “eye” diagram
– Horizontal bathtub curve estimation
– Vertical bathtub curve estimation
– Bit Error Rate (BER) estimation
100G 803.bj Clause 91 Reed-Solomon Forward Error Correction (CL91 RS-FEC)
(1) Only at 10G
(2) Counter size: 64 bits
(3) iSR4 – where “i” represents interoperability between the QSFP+ transceiver with any 10GBASE-SR compliant modules